A Sociolinguistic Study of Turkish: Sahand Villages in Zanjan
Mostafa Shahidi-Tabar, Hooshang Yazdani
Review of History and Political Science, 1(1), pp. 26-36.

The importance of recording and investigating world languages and dialects and accentsisone of the most important tasks of linguists. Turkish as one of the members of Oghuz branch of the Turkic languages (Brown and Ogilvie, 2009) which is spoken in Turkey, Germany, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, and other parts of Eastern Europe, Caucasus, Iran, Azerbaijan and Central Asia by the Turks is one of the most widely-spoken languages that is investigated in this study. Youkhari Sahand (upper Sahand) and Ashaghi Sahand (lower Sahand) that are two major villages of Zanjan (one of the oldest and historical regions in Iran)are chosen as the target group of this study. A questionnaire is used for data collection. The results of the questionnaire show that, old generation uses religious titles for all of its members whereas young generation uses a non-religious but polite title for educated people and it does not use any title for its uneducated members. Also Youkhari Sahand and Ashaghi Sahand informants use different vowels for the same words in some linguistic contexts. As far as the collected data is concerned, Ashaghi Sahand people put an emphasis at the end of utterances which is common mostly on the vowels of the last words of each sentence while this phenomena is not seen Youkhari Sahand Turkish.

Full Text: PDF

Shahidi-Tabar, Mostafa., & Yazdani, Hooshang. (2013). A Sociolinguistic Study of Turkish: Sahand Villages in Zanjan. Review of History and Political Science, 1(1), pp. 26-36.

Böksel, A.&Kerslake, C. (2006). Turkish: A Comprehensive Grammar. Routlege.Taylor & Francis e-Library.

Brown, K. & Ogilvie, S. (2009).Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Elsevier Ltd.

Crystal, D. (2008). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics.6th ed. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Crystal, D. (2000). Language Death. Cambridge. Cambridge University

Dabir, B. (1995). The Structure of Noun-Phrases in Azeri Turkish acoording to X-bar Theory and its difference with Persain.Unpublished Master's Thesis. Shiraz University.

Dearborn, F. (2005).Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Taylor & Francis e-Library

Edward, J. (2009). Language and Identity: An Introduction. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.

Fattahi, A. (1996). The copmrarion between Tabriz and Khalkhal.Unpublished Master's Thesis.AllameTabatabyee University.

Ganiloo, T. (2000). The Structure of Noun-Phrases in Azeri Turkish acoording to X-bar Theory.Unpublished Master's Thesis. Tehran University.

Gorbanzadeh K. I. (2002). A Contrastive Analysis of Vocabulary in Istanbul and Azeri Turkish.Unpublished Master's Thesis.Isalmic Azad University.Tehran Markaz Brach.

Haghshenas, A. M. (1987). Phonetics.Terhran.Aghah.

Hesabgar, H. (1992). The Phonological System of Turkish.Unpublished Master's Thesis.Shiraz University.

Hudson, R. A. (1996). Sociolinguistics.2nd ed. Cambridge.Cambridge University Press.

Jafari G. A., H. (1992).Turkish and Mogholi Words in TarikhVesaf .Unpublished Master's Thesis. AllameTabatabyee University.

Jahandideh, H. (1998). On the GhashghayeeTurkisg.Unpublished Master's Thesis.Shiraz University.

Johnson, K. (1997). Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics. Blackwell Publishing, Ltd.

Ladegofed, P. (2005). Vowels and Consonats: An Introduction to the Sounds of Languages. 2nd ed. Blacwwell publishing.

Ladegofed, P. (1982). A Course in Phonetics. 2nd ed. New York. Harcourt Bruce Jovanovich, Inc.

Ladegofed, P.&Keith .(2010). A Course in Phonetics.6th ed. Boston.Wordsworth Cengage Learning.

Lyons, J. (1981) Language and Linguisics: An Introduction. Cambridge. Cambridge University.

Modarresi, Y. (2008). An introduction to Sociolinguistics. Tehran. Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies.

22. Richards J.& Schmidt R. (2002). Longman Dictionry of Lnaguage Teaching & Applied Linguistics.3rd ed. Pearson Education.

Shabihi, A. (2002). A Contrastive-Symbolic Analysis of Idioms in Persian and Azeri .Unpublished Master's Thesis.Isalmic Azad University.Tehran Markaz Brach


Shafizadeh, S. (2003) A Phonological and Morphological comparison beweenMiyane Turkish and Tabriz Turkish. Unpublished Master's Thesis.Isalmic Azad University.Tehran Markaz Brach.

Shahidi-Tabar, M. (2012). Cross-cultural speech act realization: the case of requests in the Persian and Turkish speech of Iranian speakers. International Journal of Buniness and Soical science.Vol. 3 No. 13; jouly 2012.

Shahidi-Tabar, M.&Akbari-Malek, L. (2012).Delving into speech act of requests of Iranian Turkish informants. Social and Behavioral Sciences 70 ( 2013 ) 1724 – 1731

Hajiloo, T. (2002).Describing Zajani Turkish Simple Sentnces according to Chafe (1970) Model.Unpublished Master's Thesis.Shiraz University.

Yule G.. (2003). The Study of Language. 2nd ed. Cambridge.Cambridge University.

MostafaShahidi-Tabar is a lecturer of Linguistics. He is a member of Faculty at Imam Sadig University and he has published on various topics in Linguistics in several international journals. He has also presented papers in professional conferences. His research interests include discourse analysis, language acquisition, sociolinguistics and Turkish linguistic.

E-mail : M_shahidi2005@yahoo.com
Phone/Cell No : +98-2518864649 or +98-9127523289

Hooshang Yazdani
Assistant Professor
Dept. of English Language and Literature
Arak University, Arak, Iran.