The Collapse of State in Somaliaa Model for the Unsuccessful State
Dr. Ahmad ArefIrhayel Al- Kafarneh

Somalia is considered a model for the failed state due to the collapse of its government since the suggestion of such a term in the Clinton administration based on the indicators suggested by the Fund of American Peace and Journal of Foreign Policy to describe some states showing inability in fulfilling their basic duties. Failed states are also characterized by the presence of armed militia that are out of control by the central government. Therefore, failed state lacks the ability to achieve stability or to control regions within the borders of the state. As Somalia enjoys a strategic geographical location in the African Horn, this study aimed to identify the main reasons for the collapse of the Somali government and the decline in legitimacy of the governing power in this state, the division of Somalia into small regions ruled by the militias. The study concluded that lack of central governmental control , the inability to secure political stability and the strong rivalries on the available resources were the main cause for the civil war in Somalia and has turned this country to a rich environment for terrorist groups. In light of these results, some recommendations were suggested.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/rhps.v6n1a4